Newest Version of ChatGPT Passes the Bar Exam
The latest version of the artificial intelligence program ChatGPT has passed the Uniform Bar Examination by earning a combined score of 297, a mark that surpasses even the highest threshold score set by any individual state.
GPT-4 took all sections of the July 2022 bar exam and earned a score so high that it approaches the 90th percentile of test-takers, according to researchers Daniel Martin Katz, a professor at the Illinois Institute of Technology’s Chicago-Kent College of Law, and Michael James Bommarito, a professor at the Michigan State University College of Law.
“Our analysis highlights that GPT-4 has indeed passed the bar and has done so by a significant margin,” they wrote in a paper posted on March 15th. The professors collaborated with legal AI company Casetext.
GPT-4 took all sections of the bar exam and did particularly well on the multiple-choice section known as the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE). GPT-4 got 75.7% of the questions correct on the multiple-choice MBE, compared to the human average of 68%.
GPT-4 got a passing grade in all seven subjects tested on the MBE, doing best in contracts (answering 88.1% of the questions correctly), followed by evidence (85.2%) and criminal law and procedure (81.1%).
Two of the researchers assigned scores to the essay questions on the Multistate Essay Examination and also got input from peers.
“While GPT-4 performs well on many questions, its output is not completely free of errors,” the researchers concluded.
Yet GPT-4 got a score of 4.2 out of 6 points. Most jurisdictions use the same scale, and a score of at least 4 on an essay is considered passing.
On the Multistate Performance Test, GPT-4 also received a score of 4.2 out of 6 points.
“We were somewhat surprised at the quality of the output which was generated,” the researchers wrote.
The previous version of ChatGPT had failed the multiple-choice section of the bar exam just last year, so this new improved result surprised many.
You can read more about this result here.
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